Consider News Content
The Center for News Literacy defines journalism as "a process of verification that aims to confirm or establish facts." Journalists are held to a code of ethics, which requires verification of facts, independence from interest groups, accountability and willingness to correct errors. Understanding these qualities and types of news content may help you to identify and evaluate news organizations.
Types of News Content
There are a variety of types of news, including but not limited to:
Review, Ethics, & Transparency
News publications vary widely. Examining the publication or source of news content can be revealing.
Editors and Review Process
Does the source employ editors or fact checkers? Look for a listing of editors in the about section or a section titled masthead.
Can you identify a mission statement, goals, or code of editorial ethics? What is the aim of the source? 'Reputable' news organizations tend to be open and transparent about their professional ethics and goals.
Professional journalists are trained to be transparent about their sources and how they gather information.
What they know
Does the author let the reader know the original source of information, quotes and evidence?
Sources may be journalist first-hand observations, experts or specialists, eye witnesses, participants, spokespeople or publicists, other news accounts.
What they don't know
Does the author explain to the reader why some information is omitted or unavailable at the time of writing the article?
News is responsive to recent events, but truth is provisional . As time passes more information may become available and offer a more robust understanding.
*** Ask yourself: Did the author name her sources? Did she provide multiple sources and perspectives? Do you consider the sources appropriate given the evidence supplied? Did the author represent sources accurately?
Based on this analysis, make judgments and inferences that guide how you trust or use the news source.
Reputable News Sources
Many countries rely on national news generated by large news organizations. Typically, a reputable source has established a record of accuracy and accountability. Nonetheless, a savvy and responsible reader will continue to actively question and investigate.
Some US news sources regarded as reputable:
Keep in mind that reputation and performance are fluid and debatable. It is not that simple. Keep your healthy skepticism!