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MCEN 4228/5228: Design for Inclusion (Tsai): Source Types

Cover of Popular Mechanics Magazine

Magazine Articles


Purpose: Inform, entertain, opinion
Content: News, opinion, topical, short and long articles
Tone: Casual and accessible
Authors: Staff writers or journalists
Audience: Broad general audience
Review: Approval by editor
Keyword Strategies: Broad or specific, artifact or artifact's context

New York Times newspaper front page

Newspaper Articles


Purpose: Inform, entertain, opinion
Content: Current, brief, news, events, opinion
Tone: Casual and accessible
Authors: Staff writers or journalists
Audience: Broad general audience
Review: Approval by editor
Keyword Strategies: Specific, artifact or artifact's context

Cover of International Journal of Mechanical Sciences Journal

Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles


Purpose: Report original research
Content: Background, methods, results/data, analysis, conclusions of a research project
Tone: Formal and specialized
Authors: Researchers, professors, scholars
Audience: Academic
Review: Peer-reviewed by other researchers / experts
Keyword Strategies: Specific, artifact or artifact's context

Cover of Mechanical Engineering Magazine

Trade Magazine Articles


Purpose: Inform
Content: News, trends, case studies, reviews
Tone: Understandable within profession
Authors: Staff writers or members of the profession
Audience: Targeted profession members
Review: Editor, professional associations
Keyword Strategies: Broad or specific, artifact or artifact's context

Books & E-Books


Purpose: Inform
Content: Background, broad overview, research, how-to
Tone: Formal and specialized
Authors: Scholars, specialists
Audience: Academic, professionals
Review: Approval by editor
Keyword Strategies: Broad, artifact or artifact's context

Reference


Purpose: Inform
Content: Background information, factual, data, statistics
Tone: Factual, technical
Authors: Scholars, specialists, writers, publishers
Audience: General audience
Review: Approval by editor
Keyword Strategies: Broad or specific, artifact or artifact's context

Cover of Toy building brick patent

Patents


Purpose: Describe an innovation as a part of obtaining intellectual property protections.  A patent allows a patent holder exclusive rights to making, using, importing and selling a patented innovation for a limited period of time.
Content: Technical information about the invention including a description of the invention and drawings
Tone: Formal and technical
Authors: Inventors & innovators, individuals & companies
Audience: Engineers, designers, legal professionals, people who want to use an innovation or are working on related innovations
Review: Published patents have been approved by the patent office
Search Strategies: Inventor name, company, keywords, classification; artifact 

What is Peer Review?

Researchers conduct original research and then publish articles about their research in scholarly journals. Articles published in scholarly journals usually go through a peer review process. Researchers may also present their research at a professional conference and in this case they also write a paper that is peer reviewed and published in the proceedings of the conference.

Lets explore how the peer review process works using the video "Peer Review in 3 Minutes" by the the North Carolina State University Library. 

Journal Publication Workflow infographic by Jayashree Rajagopalan

Infographic by Jayashree Rajagopalan

Ask A Gemmill Librarian

Engineering, Science and Design Librarian