Skip to Main Content

The Haitian Zombie and Slavery: Evaluating Information

This course guide supports the course FREN 1880 "The Zombie and the Ghost of Slavery" taught by Dr. Kieran Murphy.

Evaluating Newspaper Articles

There are three types of newspaper articles: Opinion, Investigative, and analysis. You may find information about the zombie figure in relationship to slavery, philosophy, religion, sexuality, and race in newspaper articles.


Opinion articles express the thoughts or opinions of the person who writes the article. In opinion articles, the author may want to convince the reader, not necessarily inform. Although there are opinion articles written by experts on a subject and substantiated with factual data, critical reading is always beneficial when reading an opinion article.


Investigative articles are written by a journalist or a group of journalists who have an area of expertise. These journalists investigate a topic at length. These topics include political, corruption, civil, economic, or corporate crimes.


Analysis articles are written by an expert on a topic where the content may be supported by statistical data, reliable reports, and other findings from authoritative sources. These articles usually have an informative focus, based on impartial and unbiased narrative that should be corroborated by fact. 


Is It Authoritative?

Pay attention to the following criteria when you evaluate sources and information.


When was it published? The year of publication matters. If your paper is historical, you can cite older publications from when the event occurred, especially if you are comparing what scholars said then and their positions now. However, if your topic deals with a current event, many of your sources will be current.


Who is the author?

Who is the publisher?


Is the content covered in depth?

Is the content partial or impartial?


The importance of the information


Is it reliable?


What point of view is the author presenting?

Is the content opinion-based, investigative, or analytica?

MLA Overview






 Learn more:  Citing Books











 Learn more:  Citing Periodicals






 Learn more:  Citing Electronic Sources