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HUEN 1010: (Axel) Write it Well: Integrating and Citing

Intergrating and Citing

• Frame the issue and share your understanding
• Establish your credibility as a knowledgeable participant
• Supply evidence, examples, and findings 
For more information, see: Integrating

Citing Correctly

How do I do it correctly?

  • Use quotation [“  ”] marks when using the words of another person
  • Use in-text citations to provide attribution within the body of your work
  • All in-text citations should have a complete citation in your reference list (works cited) or bibliography
  • Be consistent with your citation style: APA, MLA, Chicago…
  • Be careful with creative works (e.g., Images, music) that have full copyright protection; if the copyright holder does not authorize its use, we should not use it.


In-Text Citations Examples

  • Ko, Chiu, Lo, and Ho (2015) have revealed that “based on the…” (p. 568).
  • Canalys (2012) reported that smartphones…
  • …The number of downloads of such games is steadily increasing (Schroeder, 2011)
  • “At Vienna, only members of the court circle and their guests were permitted to attend the performances of Italian dramatic works commissioned by the Habsburgs.” (Bennet, 2006, p. 64).


Read the Examples and Discuss: How are these quotes cited? Is there anything messing?

Quote 1: According to Foulkes's study, dreams may express "profound aspects of personality" (184)

Quote 2: ​According to some, dreams express "profound aspects of personality" (Foulkes), though others disagree.

Quote 3: Nelly Dean treats Heathcliff poorly and dehumanizes him throughout her narration:

They entirely refused to have it in bed with them or even in their room, and I had no more sense, so I put it on the landing of the stairs, hoping it would be gone on the morrow. By chance, or else attracted by hearing his voice, it crept to Mr. Earnshaw's door, and there he found it on quitting his chamber. Inquiries were made as to how it got there; I was obliged to confess and, in recompense for my cowardice and inhumanity, was sent out of the house. (Bronte 78)

Examples were taken from Purdue University's MLA Formatting Quotations.


When you are writing a school project or any type of writing and you are using the thoughts or intellectual property of others, it is advisable to use your own words and provide correct attribution and citation.

chart using bullet points to define plagiarism, patch writing, and paraphrasing


Original Text:

Because of their unique perspective, Americans fear globalization less than anyone else, and as a consequence they think about it less than anyone else. When Americans do think about globalization, they think of the global economy as an enlarged version of the American economy. (Source: Thurow, L. (1993). Fortune Favors the Bold (p.6). New York: Harper Collins.)


Plagiarism: Why does the example below constitute plagiarism?

According to Lester Thurow (1993) Americans fear globalization less than people from other countries and as a consequence spend less time thinking about it. Indeed, Amerincans see globalization as an enlarged version of their own economy.


Paraphrasing: Why is it ok to use the terms "Americans" and "globalization" in the example below?

Lester Thurow (1993) maintains that because Americans see globalization simply as a bigger form of their own economy, they are less concerned about it than is the rest of the world.

Examples taken from Academic Integrity at MIT.





"The act of taking the writing of another person and passing them off as one's own." 

Taken from Encyclopedia Britannica 

Let's consider music, photography, and other mediums of expressions. What do you think?


What challenges you have encountered when writing assignments?

  • Language barrier
  • Culture barrier
  • Understanding academic standards

What does plagiarism mean for you?

Think about the written work, music, photography, and other means of expression and intellectual property.

Think of reasons why people plagiarize

  • Cultural difference
  • Lack of knowledge – “I didn’t know”
  • Time compression – doing assignments last minute
  • Stress – “I want to impress my professor” “I don’t want to appear like I don’t  know”
  • Poor writing confidence


Did student "A" paraphrase?

Student A:

Long ago, when there was no written history, these islands were the home of millions of happy birds; the resort of a hundred times more millions of fishes, sea lions, and other creatures. Here lived innumerable creatures predestined from the creation of the world to lay up a store of wealth for the British farmer, and a store of quite another sort for an immaculate Republican government.


"In ages which have no record these islands were the home of millions of happy birds, the resort of a hundred times more millions of fishes, of sea lions, and other creatures whose names are not so common; the marine residence, in fact, of innumerable creatures predestined from the creation of the world to lay up a store of wealth for the British farmer, and a store of quite another sort for an immaculate Republican government."

Images Attribution

If available, to attribute an image provide the name of the creator, the URL where the image was taken from, and the license.

The example below show the title of the photo, the name of the creator, and the license, all with their appropriate links. 

Photo of protest in France

Viva la France Provided by Fabien Dany. Used under a Creative Commons license CC BY-SA 2.0.