On this page we cover resources that explore Indigenous research methods, modes of Indigenous scholarship, criticism of ethnographic methods, and issues in traditional knowledge organization systems categorize Indigenous knowledge. As Vine Deloria states:
In an epistemological sense, there is no question that the tribal method of gathering information is more sophisticated and certainly more comprehensive than Western science. In most tribal traditions, no data are discarded as unimportant or irrelevant. Indians consider their own individual experiences, the accumulated wisdom of the community that has been gathered by previous generations, their dreams, visions, and prophecies, and any information received from birds, animals, and plants as data that must be arranged, evaluated, and understood as a unified body of knowledge (Deloria, 2011).
There are a range of ethical issues that are valuable to consider when citing information from Indigenous knowledge-holders in academic or creative projects. Here are some considerations from the American Psychological Association (APA) citation system, such as being mindful of the cultural context of with whom, when, and how Indigenous stories may be shared, and considering individual and community consent to share these stories.