There are two ways to cite an interview. First, if you have a recording or transcript of the interview you will cite it like this in the bibliography:
Van Hoye, A. (Interviewer) & Tallman, K. (Interviewee). (2017). Interview 2 [Interview transcript]. Retrieved from The University of Colorado's
University Archive: http:// libraries.colorado.edu/archives
If you did not record or have the interview transcribed you will cite it as a personal communication within the text of your paper like this:
(A. Van Hoye, personal communication, January 4, 2011).
Tip! If you only have notes, but not the transcript you will cite it as a personal communication.
Tip! You do not cite personal communications in your bibliography or works cited at the end of your paper.
Source: Purdue Writing Lab (n.d.). APA Style Introduction. Retrieved August 24, 2018, from https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_style_introduction.html
Interviews typically fall into two categories: print or broadcast published and unpublished (personal) interviews, although interviews may also appear in other, similar formats such as in e-mail format or as a Web document.
Personal interviews refer to those interviews that you conduct yourself. List the interview by the name of the interviewee. Include the descriptor Personal interview and the date of the interview.
Smith, Jane. Personal interview. 19 May 2014.
Published Interviews (Print or Broadcast)
List the interview by the full name of the interviewee. If the name of the interview is part of a larger work like a book, a television program, or a film series, place the title of the interview in quotation marks. Place the title of the larger work in italics. If the interview appears as an independent title, italicize it. For books, include the author or editor name after the book title.
Note: If the interview from which you quote does not feature a title, add the descriptor, Interview by (unformatted) after the interviewee’s name and before the interviewer’s name.
Gaitskill, Mary. Interview with Charles Bock. Mississippi Review, vol. 27, no. 3, 1999, pp. 129-50.
Amis, Kingsley. “Mimic and Moralist.” Interviews with Britain’s Angry Young Men, By Dale Salwak, Borgo P, 1984.
In text citatation
For help on how to cite your interview in the text of your paper follow this link.
Source: Purdue Writing Lab. “MLA Style Introduction.” Purdue Writing Lab, https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/mla_style/mla_style_introduction.html. Accessed 24 Aug. 2018.
If you need more help check out the Owl at Purdue (owl.purdue.edu) or ask us (Allan, Kate) or any other librarian for help.
Sage Research Methods Online. For quick definitions and answers, check out the “reference” searches. For longer guides, check out the “blue books," specifically the selection of qualitative interview books. You can even search videos!
Key Takeaways: Interview Tips
Use open-ended questions.
Avoid leading questions.
Probe for more in-depth answers.