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CYBR 5700: Writing

Overall Structure of Scholarly Article

Introduction: Importance of the research.

  • What is the problem and why is the research necessary?
  • Discuss the current state of the research in your field and expose the gaps that your research fills.
  • How is your research timely?

Methods: What you did.

  • Report your procedure (or recipe) in order.
  • Include headings and subheadings.

Results: What you found.

  • What did you learn?
  • Report:  Refer to figures or tables.
  • Label and number tables and figures.

Discussion (significance of results): What is all means.

  • Summarize the main findings of the study.
  • Address flaws in the study as reasons for future research.
  • If possible, how the implications of findings informs future policy or practice.

How to be more concise

  • Delete words with insignificant meaning (kind of, really, generally, actually)
  • Delete words that repeat 
  • Change negatives to affirmatives to be more direct (instead of "not include" use "omit")
  • Delete useless adjectives and adverbs (major, extreme, essential, absolutely, extremely, particularly, clearly, indeed)
  • Use the word "significant" appropriately



Where to go for help

CU Boulder Writing Center

  • Free
  • Up to 50 minute appointments
  • Sign up here 

Graduate School Grad+ Writing Support

  • Offers Online "Write-Ins"
  • 12-week Publication Bootcamps
  • Writing Retreats (January, May, August)
  • More information available here