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Catalan Language, Literature, and Culture: Organize, Write & Cite

Step 6: Organize, Write & Cite

This final step of the research process includes activities that you might have been doing throughout your process: organizing your research, writing and note taking, and tracking where you got the information that you use. You may organize your research on notecards, in a journal, on scraps of paper, in an electronic document or using a citation manager. However you track your research is up to you, but keeping track helps you avoid plagiarism and give credit to those whose ideas you borrow.

Writing is the moment where you get a chance to have your voice included in the scholarly conversation about a topic. What did you read that you disagree with? What other sources help inform your argument? Can you say something new or interesting about this topic? If you can't fully answer your research question, why not? 

Why Cite?

Citing is more than just being picky about writing. It actually connects us and our writings to the ongoing scholarly conversation that happens around the topics we're interested in.

We cite our sources because it:

  1. Gives credit to the authors whose ideas we use
  2. Helps our readers find the information we used to build our arguments
  3. Shows our own credibility and responsibility as scholars through thorough and proper citation
  4. Avoids plagiarism, which can have serious consequences

Common Style Manuals

The library has updated copies of the major Style Manuals available for you to use. Some copies are limited to use in the library building only, this will be indicated in the Location of the item if it is in the "Reference Collection."

The official style manuals are published by organizations such as the Modern Language Association (MLA) or the American Psychological Association (APA), but you can also check OneSearch or Chinook for unofficial yet scholarly guides as well.

In addition to unofficial published guides, there is a lot of information available online. The Purdue OWL site is not official or comprehensive, but it is a credible source of information and very user friendly.

Purdue OWL logo

Writing Help!

Citing Images

To cite an image, you first need to identify the citation style that you are going to use (for example, APA or Chicago). Then, you can identify the individual pieces of the citation that you need to include according to that style. The most common pieces are:

  1. Creator/Author
  2. Title of Image
  3. Date of Creation
  4. Medium (oil on canvas, photograph)
  5. Where the Image was Published/Location of Image
  6. URL where you found the image
  7. License/Copyright information

Additional information about citing images: 

Research Process: Integrating Sources

Quotation marks from noun project

Click below to learn more about integrating sources, using specific citation styles (MLA, APA, Chicago), and managing sources:

Research Process: Literature Review

Group discussion icon from Noun project

A literature review can be useful at various stages of the research process - whether you're creating one or whether you are using one to further your own research.

What is it? Typically, a literature review is a written discussion that examines publications about  a particular subject area or topic. To find out more, click the link below:

Resources for Writing in a Foreign Language

foreign language app icon from noun project

Not sure how to construct a good argument? Not sure how to quote information in foreign languages in your papers? Not sure how to begin writing in a foreign language? Use the resources and links below to get started. And don't forget to ask for help from your instructor and the Writing Center at CU!

If you need something that's not here, try a domain search in Google: and add some keywords like comma rules in Spanish

There are also some great style manuals and handbooks in the Libraries' collection for writing in other languages. Check out my selection of titles below, and use the following Subject Headings to search for more: 

  • Handbooksmanuals, etc.; [French] language; Style; Grammar; Usage; Commercial correspondence