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Citation Styles

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Chicago

Below you will find some citation examples and links to online resources. For complete guidelines, consult the Chicago Manual of Style  

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** Note: This guide demonstrates basic features of CMS, but there are two types of CMS styles. The Notes-Bibliography System (NB) is used by those in literature, history, and the arts. The other documentation style, the Author-Date System, is nearly identical in content but slightly different in form and is preferred in the social/sciences. Please see the OWL guide for more details. 

Books


      


 



     


    

Electronic books are cited exactly as their print counterparts with the addition of a media marker at the end of the citation: Kindle edition, PDF e-book, Microsoft Reader e-book, Palm e-book, CD-ROM, etc. Books consulted online are also cited exactly as their print counterparts with the addition of a DOI (or URL) at the end of the citation. Stable page numbers are not always available in electronic formats; therefore, you may, instead, include the number of chapter, section, or other easily recognizable locator.

 

 Learn more:  Citing Articles

Articles


   


             



   


     

 

 Learn more:  Citing Periodicals

Web


  


 

 

 Learn more:  Citing Web Sources