Skip to main content

Citation Styles

Research Strategies Home
Decorative Articles Image

 

APA

The APA Style is most often used in the social sciences. Below you will find some citation examples and links to online resources. For complete guidelines, consult the APA Handbook  

 Photo by Fixedandfrailing. Used under CC BY SA 2.0

Books

 

       


 

 

       


The 2nd example is an ebook. If the work is not directly available online or must be purchased, use "Available from," rather than "Retrieved from," and point readers to where they can find it. For books available in print form and electronic form, include the publish date in parentheses after the author's name.

 Learn more:  Citing Books

Articles

 

       


     

 

 

     

 

   

 

 Learn more:  Citing Articles

Web

 

   


   

 

 Learn more:  Citing Electronic Sources