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Ancient Philosophy: Citation

Citation

It is always important to remember to cite your sources when using information that you did not create yourself. Here are some tools to help you properly cite your sources.

Citation Styles

Books

 

      


 

 

 

     


    

Electronic books are cited exactly as their print counterparts with the addition of a media marker at the end of the citation: Kindle edition, PDF e-book, Microsoft Reader e-book, Palm e-book, CD-ROM, etc. Books consulted online are also cited exactly as their print counterparts with the addition of a DOI (or URL) at the end of the citation. Stable page numbers are not always available in electronic formats; therefore, you may, instead, include the number of chapter, section, or other easily recognizable locator.

 

 Learn more:  Citing Articles

Articles

 

   


             

 

 

   


      

 

 Learn more:  Citing Periodicals

Web

 

  


 

 

 

 Learn more:  Citing Web Sources

** Note: This guide demonstrates basic features of CMS, but there are two types of CMS styles. The Notes-Bibliography System (NB) is used by those in literature, history, and the arts. The other documentation style, the Author-Date System, is nearly identical in content but slightly different in form and is preferred in the social/sciences. Please see the OWL guide for more details.

Books

 

   

 

 

Articles

 

  


      


 

 

 

   


   

 

 Learn more:  Citing Periodicals

Web

 

   


  

 

 Learn more:  Citing Electronic Sources

Books

 

       

 


 

 

 

 

       

 


The 2nd example is an ebook. If the work is not directly available online or must be purchased, use "Available from," rather than "Retrieved from," and point readers to where they can find it. For books available in print form and electronic form, include the publish date in parentheses after the author's name.

 

 Learn more:  Citing Books

Articles

 

       

 


     

 

 

     

 

   

 

 Learn more:  Citing Articles

Web

 

   


   

 

 Learn more:  Citing Electronic Sources

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