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ITAL 4290 Italian Culture in Cinema (Ardizzoni): 6. Cite & Use Info

Why Cite?

Citing is more than just being picky about writing. It actually connects us and our writings to the ongoing scholarly conversation that happens around the topics we're interested in.

We cite our sources because it:

  1. Gives credit to the authors whose ideas we use
  2. Helps our readers find the information we used to build our arguments
  3. Shows our own credibility and responsibility as scholars through thorough and proper citation
  4. Avoids plagiarism, which can have serious consequences

Citing Images

To cite an image, you first need to identify the citation style that you are going to use (for example, APA or Chicago). Then, you can identify the individual pieces of the citation that you need to include according to that style. The most common pieces are:

  1. Creator/Author
  2. Title of Image
  3. Date of Creation
  4. Medium (oil on canvas, photograph)
  5. Where the Image was Published/Location of Image
  6. URL where you found the image
  7. License/Copyright information

Additional information about citing images: 

Citing and Using Films

To cite a film, consult an official style manual or a credible website for the citation format. 

To embed a clip of a film in your site, investigate who holds the copyright and what the terms of service are for the website or database where the content is found. Review information on Copyright and Fair Use before determining if you can post or share content that you did not create.

Check out the guidance below from the Center for Media & Social Impact:


In the case of Kanopy, the University of Colorado has a license to access and view materials through an authentication proxy (using your Identikey or being on the campus network). People unaffiliated with CU will not be able to access or view the materials.

Research Process: Integrating Sources

Quotation marks from noun project

Click below to learn more about integrating sources, using specific citation styles (MLA, APA, Chicago), and managing sources:

Common Style Manuals

The library has updated copies of the major Style Manuals available for you to use. Some copies are limited to use in the library building only, this will be indicated in the Location of the item if it is in the "Reference Collection."

The official style manuals are published by organizations such as the Modern Language Association (MLA) or the American Psychological Association (APA), but you can also check OneSearch or Chinook for unofficial yet scholarly guides as well.

In addition to unofficial published guides, there is a lot of information available online. The Purdue OWL site is not official or comprehensive, but it is a credible source of information and very user friendly.

Purdue OWL logo